Its  instruction stated that materials shall not be accepted, unless there was a decision on them by lower and intermediate instances. Admiralteyskaya Naberezhnaya (Admiralty Embankment). Carlo Rossi was the winner of the competition for designs, proposing a building with an arch "in the fashion and image of the General Staff Building". How was it created? 31 Decembrists facing the death penalty were instead imprisoned. and that the people were asking 'Who is Konstitutsiya, the wife of His Highness the Grand Duke?' He included many Decembrists who had joined his forces on the Senate Squire and did not support the revolt finally in spite of their participation in Decembrist meetings into his government (such as Benkendorf, appointed to supervise the human rights, Muraviev-Vilensky and others). Few Russians inhabited these places: The populations consisted mainly of Siberian aborigines, Tunguses, Yakuts, Tartars, Ostiaks, Mongols, and Buriats. In 1711, he created the Governing Senate – a clear gesture of homage to the Senate of the Roman Empire. Financial aid from relatives and wealthier comrades saved many; others perished. "At this place, 13/25 July 1826, were executed the Decembrists, David Moon. "Russian-American relations, 1815–1832," in Etkind A. Материалы следственного дела С. И. Муравьёва-Апостола, Декабрист Евгений Оболенский о подготовке восстания на Сенатской площади,, George Vernadsky. Decembrists contributed greatly to the field of agriculture, introducing previously unknown crops such as vegetables, tobacco, rye, buckwheat, and barley, and advanced agricultural methods such as hothouse cultivation. Peter the Great with the Imperial regalia, by A. Antropov, 1770. In case when law was not precise, the Senate possessed legislative initiative. [22], Fifteen out of 124 Decembrists were convicted of "state-crimes" by the Supreme Criminal Court, and sentenced to "exile-to-settlement." The title of “Governing” fit the Senate's purpose. На этом месте, 13/25 Июля 1826 года, были казнены Декабристы П. Пестель, К. Рылеев, П. Каховский, С. Муравьев-Апостол, М. бестужев-Рюмин. It took two weeks for the Southern Society to learn of the events in the capital. Not many Americans lived in Imperial Russia and most who did were diplomats at the U.S. embassy. There was a rumor that during the nighttime operation of police and loyal army units to clean the city and Neva river many of the dead, dying and wounded had been cast into Neva. The Senate was divided into departments, each of those was assigned a particular sphere of activity: internal and political affairs of the state, judicial matters, issues of the governorates, questions of military and admiralty colleges. The Russian Senate was … From 1706, Peter, for the first time in Russian history, awarded some of his subjects (military commander Boris Sheremetev, statesman Nikita Zotov, admiral Fyodor Apraksin, and others) with the title of “Count.” In 1707, Alexander Menshikov was the first man in Russia to become Prince (Knyaz’) not by birth, but by the Tsar’s order. An envisioned parliament was to inherit legislative power, but that never happened. Speransky's role increased greatly in 1808. One of the freed men, Sergey Muravyov-Apostol, assumed leadership of the revolt. Russian Empire, historical empire founded on November 2, 1721, when the Russian Senate conferred the title of emperor of all the Russias upon Peter I. It did not have revolutionary plans and the society was called the Union of Prosperity. Authorities investigated and restrained other Decembrists for not attending church. [33] Most of the petitions were written by Decembrists’ wives who had cast aside social privileges and comfort to follow their husbands into exile. Other Decembrists were exiled to Siberia, Kazakhstan, and the Far East. Thus, it was gradually stripped of its principal powers. Copyright © 2001-2020 ZAO "SAINT-PETERSBURG.COM". In 1710, a year after Russia’s astonishing victory over Sweden in the Battle of Poltava, the British envoy to Russia, Charles Whitworth (1st Baron Whitworth) referred in his speech to Tsar Peter, naming him “Kaiser” (similar to the Kaiser or Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire that existed until the early 19th century). Eventually, at the end of the day, Nicholas ordered three artillery pieces to open fire, with devastating effect. [24] This was especially true at Chita. The Senate was given a power of final decision over judicial cases. During his early years in the regime, Speransky helped inspire the organization of the Ministry of the Interior, the reform of ecclesiastic education, and strengthening the government's role in the country's economic development. According to another point of view, the term Tsardom, which was used after the coronation of Ivan IV in 1547, was already a contemporary Russian word for empire. The Senate was also involved—albeit indirectly—in coordination, mainly because its procurator general, Prince Aleksandr A. Vyazemsky, held the office for a quarter of a century with the full trust of the empress. The leaders of the society elected Prince Sergei Trubetskoy as interim ruler. One elected member from each Faculty and the Business School is to be non-professorial. The Old Trinity Cathedral in St. Petersburg. [8], In 1816, several officers of the Imperial Russian Guard founded a society known as the Union of Salvation, or of the Faithful and True Sons of the Fatherland. Actually, it happened in a building that doesn’t even exist now. It also included a Department of Heraldry, which managed matters relating to the rights of the nobles and honorary citizens. Along with Peter, who changed his title from Tsar to Emperor, his wife changed her title from Tsarina to Empress, and the Tsar’s crown in the state coat of arms was substituted with the Imperial crown. "Russia's December Revolution, 1825", This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 21:55. They expected to be joined by the rest of the troops stationed in Saint Petersburg, but they were disappointed. [33] Decembrists managed to gain transfers and allowances through persuasive petitions as well as through the intervention of family members. The building of the 12 Collegiums in 1820. On 25 July [O.S. all Slavic & Vlach countries with the exception of Bulgaria and Macedonia, in the future. Нечкина М. В. Движение декабристов. This society joined the Southern Society and adopted its program in exchange for the recognition of the Slavic federation zeal by the Southern society in September 1825 .[12][13]. [10] The political aims of the more moderate Northern Society were a British-style constitutional monarchy with a limited franchise.