by Leyre Ruiz de Zarobe, and Yolanda Ruiz de Zarobe, 89–113. – I hope you’ll give me the weekend to finish my assignment. ; Herring et al. ), email is “a new kind of letter writing” (2001Danet, Brenda 2001 Cyberpl@y: Communication Online. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. ; Hallajian & Khemlani 2014Hallajian, Maya, and David Khemlani 2014 “Greetings and Closings in Supervisors-Supervisees Email Exchanges.” Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 118: 85–93. Unlike Hartford and Bardovi-Harlig’s finding (1996Hartford, Beverly S., and Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig 1996 “At your Earliest Convenience: A Study of Written Student Requests to Faculty.” In Pragmatics and Language Learning, Volume 7, ed. by Heidi Byrnes, 183–208. The participating students were all older teens or young adults in their 20s, and can be seen as belonging to the “Millennial Generation”55.The Millennial Generation or “Millennials” are also known as the “Generation Y” (Strauss & Howe 2000Strauss, William, and Neil Howe 2000 Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation. (Please see Appendices A and B for further details.). – Can/could…/ Would you mind…/ I would appreciate it if…. ; Kasper 1998Kasper, Gabriele 1998 “Interlanguage Pragmatics.” In Learning Foreign and Second Languages, ed. , 35) explain how email has lowered the inhibition threshold to contact someone. If you still cannot give the grade for the final please tell me when the results are given out. Learn a new word every day. The study found an overall preference for formal forms of address and for high requestive directness on the part of the L2 learners. found that, despite Britain’s growing informality of address in institutional encounters, British students employed formal forms as a way to convey respect and deference. Bern: Peter Lang. This claim was also supported by Bella and Sifianou (2012)Bella, Spyridoula, and Maria Sifianou 2012 “Greek Student E-mail Requests to Faculty Members.” In Speech Acts and Politeness across Languages and Cultures, ed. The emails were thus classified into 3 categories: (a) those which included a formal form of address by making use of the recipient’s surname (e.g. In order to examine whether there is a correlation/association between the forms of address employed and the degree of imposition of the request (research question 1), Chi-square tests for Association (Pearson Chi-square) were run. ‘Mr George’) which are unacceptable in English but could be seen as causing no pragmatic failure as none of the English native speaker participants commented negatively on this construction. , 2003Barron, Naomi 2003 “Why E-Mail Looks Like Speech? Similarly, certain email requests might fall within the lecturer’s academic obligations (e.g. In addition, the present research did not investigate the effect of the variable of familiarity (between the student and the lecturer) on the selection of address forms and (in)directness strategies. "There was a storm last night, but all is well now. However, this knowledge was not utilized as expected. due to the fact that their coercive tone appears to give the faculty no choice in complying with the request. Similarly, no study has examined the existence of a possible correlation between the forms of address and the degree of (in)directness employed in L2 emails in academic encounters. ; Zhu 2012Zhu, Wuhan 2012 “Polite Requestive Strategies in Emails: An Investigation of Pragmatic Competence of Chinese EFL Learners.” RELC Journal 43(2): 217–238. 15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1, Middle English, from acordyng "agreeing" (from present participle of accorden "to accord entry 1") + -ly -ly entry 2. The level of imposition posed by these requests can be represented along a continuum from low, medium to high imposition (1 being the lowest and 5 the highest). Proceedings of HCI 2002, ed. A clear example of this is the university context. establish and maintain social relationships. Accessed 12 Nov. 2020. Berlin: Peter Lang.) These electronic academic encounters also entail a clearly defined relationship and fixed speaker roles, rights, and obligations, but, even though, many of the students’ e-requests address institutional topics that fall within their academic rights, it is not necessarily the case that the faculty member has an obligation to comply with the request (e.g. McLaughlin et al. Toward Conventions in a New Medium, National Foreign Language Resource Center, University of Hawaii Press, Power Distance in English Lingua Franca E-Mail Communication, International Journal of Applied Linguistics, The Development of E-Mail Literacy: From Writing to Peers to Writing to Authority Figures, Greetings and Closings in Supervisors-Supervisees Email Exchanges, Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, An Experimental Study of Native Speaker Perceptions of Non-Native Request Modification in E-Mails in English, ‘Please Answer Me as Soon as Possible’: Pragmatic Failure in Non-Native Speakers’ E-mail Requests to Faculty, Universals in Language Usage: Politeness Phenomena, Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage, Interrelationship of the variables of forms of address, imposition and degree of directness, The Language of Service Encounters: A Pragmatic Discursive Approach, Negotiating Personal Relationship Through Email Terms of Address, Email Discourse Among Chinese Using English as a Lingua Franca, Address Strategies in a British Academic Setting, Getting Stuff Done: Comparing E-mail Requests from Students in Higher Education in Britain and Australia, Address Practices in Academic Interactions in a Pluralistic Language, Investigating Non Native English Speaking Graduate Students’ Pragmatic Development in Requestive Emails, International Journal of Society, Culture and Language, Openings and Closings in Spanish Email Conversations, A Cross-Cultural Investigation of Email Communication in Peninsular Spanish and British English – The Role of (In)formality and (In)directness, Culture’s Consequences: International Differences in Work-related Values, Culture’s Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organisations across Nations. ), employed email address forms that were translated directly from Greek (i.e. – I would like to remind you of my reference letter. Available under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license. The commodification of education has led to universities and colleges to treat applicants as consumers (Wong 2016Wong, Alia 2016 (March 30). These might include asking the professor to prepare a letter of recommendation, reschedule/authorize a make-up exam etc. It was also claimed, however, that the study’s findings seem to also point towards the role of the email as the medium of communication, and to the mediated nature of these encounters. – Please note what changes should be made. predictions, confirming an increase in indirectness with the severity of the social offence (e.g.