He named the island "Isle de France", but it was only in 1721 that the French started their occupation. This commemoration marks the 12th anniversary of the inscription of the Aapravasi Ghat on UNESCO’s World Heritage List, the 50th anniversary of our country’s independence, the 200th anniversary of the founding of Forbach Sugar Estate, and the ICOMOS International Day for Monuments and Sites. Greater consumption of commodities took place with the entry of certain luxuries like frozen meat – ‘boneless’ – and soft drinks, the one-litre version of Pepsi and Coca-Cola at Re 1. or little less became family drinks. Many of these mills were pulled down… but some of their chimneys only remained. Showing Mauritius of the past but not enjoying the present? They are Petit Verger, L’Agrement, Circonstance, Mont Fleury, Helvetia, Riviere Baptiste, Roselyn Cottage, Mon Desert S.E. Contact Now! In the act of capitulation, the British guaranteed that they would respect the language, the customs, the laws and the traditions of the inhabitants. Managing to conceal his mixed blood, he was later named governor of the Cape, the place of apartheid par excellence. Yeung Lam Ko (1998) states that Mauritius, like other countries which had just shaken off their shackles of colonisation, did have to face the various problems of an underdeveloped or a poor economy. Iron-sheeted houses were partly renovated with concrete base and walls and the first ‘lakaz beton’, cosier and more spacious than ‘Longtill houses’ – which were subsidised for survivors of Carol Cyclone (1960)  – appeared in villages and towns. The administrative organisation of the District of Moka dates back to 1762. By the turn of the 20th century, part of the sugar estate was sold out in small parcels of land which was purchased by former Indian indentured workers and their descendants and this formed the basis of the village of Cottage. Heritage Regattas – Régates du Patrimoine – 2015, Construction of the M1 Highway – Phoenix to Port Louis – 1960s, Pointe D’Esny – Ship Wreck of the Dalblair – 1902, HRH Princess Margaret Visits Mauritius – 1956, Vintage Transport: Mule-drawn Carriage and Photographers – 1896, Old Tales of Mauritius: Tizan Gato Canette, Port Louis – Shipwreck of the Cargo Ship SS Tayeb – 1972, 180ème Anniversaire de l’arrivée des Immigrants Indiens (fr), Rose Hill – The Plaza Theatre of the Old Mauritius. Charming and warm family thatched-roofed bungalow, perfect to embrace the local lifestyle of Mauritius. One of the most important events was the abolition of slavery in 1835. The sugar boom effect was initially highly beneficial to the sugar industry which had 21 sugar factories in operation at that time. Required fields are marked *. For any other enquiry, kindly use thiscontact form. Between the 1840s and the early 1900s, Forbach remained one of the most important and lucrative sugar estates in the north of Mauritius. When the French settled in Mauritius they built many Sugar Mills as at that time Sugar Cane was a highly profitable and prosperous activity. In 1815, he established a shop in Port Louis and later, one in the small settlement of Mapou in Rivière du Rempart district. A dozen villages surround the village of Moka, they are: Montagne Ory, Gentilly, Martindale, Telfair, Bocage, Reduit, Minissy, Camp Samy, Eureka, Bagatelle, Soreze and Helvetia. On the constitutional plane, the Council of Government which was first established in 1825, was enlarged in 1886 to make room for elected representatives. When the French settled in Mauritius they built many Sugar Mills as at that time Sugar Cane was a highly profitable and prosperous activity. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Between the 1840s and the early 1900s, Forbach remained one of the most important and lucrative sugar estates in the north of Mauritius. Follow us as we discover Mauritius through adventures and trips! There are still lots but with time we’ll find them and update this list. During the Napoleonic wars, the "Isle de France" had become a base from which French corsairs organised successful raids on British commercial ships. By the Treaty of Paris in 1814, the "Isle de France" which regained its former name `Mauritius' was ceded definitely to Great Britain, together with its dependencies which included Rodrigues and the Seychelles. Peretz et al (2001) explain that although the situation was not bright politically and financially between 1972 and 1975, the price of sugar started rising from $40 to $330 a tonne. In 1891, she passed away at Forbach at the age of 58. Almost a century ago, Seesurrun and Sookbasseea Peerthum, my great grandparents, bought land there and this small village in the north of Mauritius is my ancestral village. Located on the side of another house, it enjoys a direct access to a private beach and the lagoon of Roches-Noires, east coast of Mauritius. A dozen villages fall under the control of the Village Council of St.Pierre. 1642 : 105 slaves originating from madagascar were landed. The company's predecessors (Savannah and Mon Desert Alma sugar estates and GIDC) were among the first companies listed on the newly created Mauritius Stock Exchange in 1989. Said to be the chimney of the sugar mill. Better earnings and the COLA claimed greater need for better living. Bienvenue ! By then she was a cook and prepared food in the estate camp for her fellow workers. At the beginning of the 19th century, Governor Decaen subdivided Moka into four townships: Les Pailles, Moka, Terre Rouge and Quartier Militaire. The short-lived prosperity Although the sugar boom clearly spells out a first ‘miracle’ for Mauritius, little has been said of how it influenced the common citizen. Telfair is named in memory of Charles Telfair, a Royal Navy doctor, who was born in Belfast, Ireland in 1778, and who owned the estate of Bois Cheri in Moka from 1815 to 1833. Since the average economic growth was on average 5.6% during the 1970s, agriculture was the core sector of the Mauritian economy. Join us on facebook for even more Vintage images of Mauritius and a closer interaction. The island had for a long time remained unknown and uninhabited. Cane Harvest Season – Bedford Trucks Unloading Sugar Cane at the Factory. Alteo Limited is a leading regional group with well-established activities in the Sugar, Energy and Property sectors. Although the sugar boom clearly spells out a first ‘miracle’ for Mauritius, little has been said of how it influenced the common citizen. Nobel writer, V.S. Building on our history as a major player in the Mauritian sugar industry, where Alteo remains the country’s largest sugar producer and has substantial sugar operations in Kenya and Tanzania. The British landed in large numbers in the north of the island and rapidly overpowered the French, who capitulated. The price of petrol rocketed, making all transport more expensive. The proportion of nominated members of the Council not holding public office was raised to two-thirds. From that year until 1810, the island was in charge of officials appointed by the French Government, except for a brief period during the French Revolution, when the inhabitants set up a government virtually independent of France. Although, this perception is reasonable, history evidences that there have been economic booms in the past but the first economic boom of post-colonial Mauritius took place in 1973 and lasted one year.